6. 2 PV in Infrastructure, on Water and on Vehicles; PV and Agriculture
Sustainability, Mobile PV, VIPV
Summary / Abstract:
While PV is poised to become the leading renewable energy source in the EU and globally, both in terms of capacity and net output, its low spatial power density poses challenges in its effective use and distribution. One of the emerging use-cases for PV power is in electromotive applications, ranging from automotive (Vehicle integrated PV – VIPV – for cars, buses, trucks), rail-transportation (urban and extra-urban rail) and marine (recreational boats and sea- and inland waterway transport). Each of these has a particular topology, both of proximity to stationary PV, energy density of storage, and available surface area for mobile PV (which integrates VIPV with fixed PV assets dedicated to vehicle fleet electricity supply). In order to maximize benefit the entire PV Value chain in these applications, we identify the individual importance of several necessary components in planning and operational intelligence, and provide relevant examples based on current and emerging technology as well as an integrative framework for the modeling of these and related value chains based on energy flow modeling.