EU PVSEC Programme Online
EU PVSEC 2020, 7 - 11 September 2020
Presentation: 1AP.1.3 Intermediate Band Solar Cells: Present and Future
Type: Plenary
Date: Monday, 7th September 2020
08:30 - 09:50
Author(s): I. Ramiro, A. Martí
Presenter / Speaker: I. Ramiro, UPM, Madrid, Spain
Event: Conference Conference
Session: 1AP.1 Innovations in PV Technologies
Type(s) of Access:  Conference Registration
Topic: 1. 1 Fundamental Studies
Keywords: Intermediate Band, High Efficiency, Solar Cell
Summary / Abstract: In the quest for high-efficiency photovoltaics (PV), the intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) was proposed in 1997 as an alternative to tandem solar cells. With a simpler device structure, the IBSC offers 63% efficiency under maximum solar concentration. This high efficiency limit attracted the attention of the PV community, yielding to numerous intermediate band (IB) studies and IBSC prototypes employing a plethora of candidate IB materials. As a consequence, the principles of operation of the IBSC have been demonstrated, and the particularities and difficulties inherent to each different technological implementation of the IBSC have been reasonably identified and understood. From a theoretical and experimental point of view, the IBSC has reached a mature stage. Yet, we feel that, driven by the large number of explored materials and technologies so far, there is some confusion about what route the IBSC research should take to transition from the proof of concept to high efficiency. In this work, we give our view on which the next steps should be. For this, first we briefly review the theoretical framework of the IBSC, the achieved experimental milestones, and the different technological approaches used, with special emphasis in those recently proposed.